Consider the circle below with a radius ‘r’.

Area of a circle, in lay terms, is the amount of region enclosed by the green curve going round the point C.

Area of a circle, technically, is Π times the radius squared.

i.e. Area of a circle = Π × r^{2}.

Area of a circle, if diameter length is d, is Π × (d^{2}/4).

{since radius is half of diameter}

Write either **22/7** or approximately **3.14** for **Π**

Let us solve a few questions on area of a circle, when different parameters are given

**Example 1: **

Find the area of a circle whose radius is 7 cms.

Answer:

Substitute 7 in radius, r in the area of a circle, Π × r^{2}.

So, area of circle is Π × 7^{2} = (22/~~7~~) × ~~49~~^{7} = 22 × 7 = 154.

Expressed along with units, the area of circle is 154 sq. cms.

**Example 2**

Find the area of a circle whose circumference is 88 cms.

Answer:

Using the formula for circumference of a circle 2Πr, let us find radius r:

Since, 2Πr = 88, therefore, 2 × (22/7) × r = 88,

finally, r = (^{2}~~88~~ × 7)/44 = 14 cms.

Now, substituting 14 in r in the formula for area of circle, Πr^{2},

The area will be (22/~~7~~) × 14^{2} = (22/7) ×^{ 2}~~14~~ ×14 = 22 × 28 = 616

Expressed with units, the area of circle above is 616 sq cms.

**Example 3**

Four coins, each of radius 2 cms are placed inside a circular board of diameter 6 cms as shown above. The coins just touch each other and the board. Approximately what percentage of the board in the above figure is shaded?

Answer:

Area of each circular coin having radius 2 cms is Π × 2^{2} = 4Π,

So, area of all 4 circular coins = 4 × 4Π = 16Π

Area of the circular board having radius 6 cms = Π × 6^{2} =36 Π

Therefore, area of the circular board not occupied by the four circular coins = 36 Π - 16 Π = 20 Π.

Therefore, percentage of the area of the circular board shaded will be

(20 ~~Π~~/36 ~~Π~~) ×100% = (^{5}~~20~~/^{9}~~36~~) × 100% =

(5/~~9~~) ×^{11} ~~100~~% = 55% approximately.

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